By now, we all understand the value of window treatments. When the window spaces are designed with useful shades that are magnificent and exuberant in design, they will easily become the focal point in the room. The right blinds and shades protect your home from external elements that may disrupt your peace and well-being and keep you protected from heat, glare, and chilly winters. They also come in handy when you need privacy and personal space. However, an important part of window shade is the hardware that comes with it. Lovers of design and architecture consider the hardware one of the “ugly” portions of window treatments that are best stayed hidden, for you don’t want to observe the mechanism that keeps them functioning. You would rather focus on the design element, the color of the fabric and how they look complements with the walls, furniture, floorings and other small elements in the room. Hence the need for a cornice board arises. It is a structure, generally made out of wood, to top off your window treatment, hiding the headrails, rollers or rods that come with the curtains and blinds. In the section below, we will tell you how a cornice can be installed. But first, we’ll understand the difference between a cornice and a valance. Understanding this distinction is necessary to clear your concepts.
The Difference Between a Cornice and A Valance
There might be a lot of similarities between the two, but all things considered, a valance must not be confused with a cornice. A valance is used for decorative purposes, generally installed with a curtain in the form of a drapery panel at the top of the window. It has a fabric hung loosely at the end of it, which comes in various shapes. A valance itself may suffice as a window treatment in cases where you want to keep your windows fairly unattended and want substantial natural light inside. When used with curtains or other window treatments, the valance acts as a cherry on top of a cake, providing a fabulous finish.
The purpose of a cornice can be similar, as it tops off your window shades with a fabulous covering, but what makes it different is the way it is constructed. A cornice is built from a hard structure at the top, where the fabric is created by upholstering the board. There is no fabric hanging loosely at the end as in the case of a valance.
Installing A Cornice Board
This might be a complicated procedure for starters and might take a few hours to complete, so be mindful of the tools and the step-by-step instructions if you want to make this exercise a success. What you require is a staple gun, a circular saw, drill bits, pencils, measuring tape, carpenter’s square, wood glue, scissors, wood screws, pine boards, batting fabrics and L-brackets.
So follow the below procedure for a successful installation.
1. The Window Dimensions: Begin by taking the dimensions of the window into account. Measure the height and width of the inside of the window, and make scope for four inches more. Proceed to mark a couple of pieces on the pine boards.
2. Cut Frame: This step involves cutting the wood, using the saw, along the marks that you drew on the boards.
3. Apply Glue: Run a long strip of glue along with one of the long edges of the board. Hold the second piece perpendicular to the board, exactly in the portion where the glue has been applied, and then screw them together.
4. Cover The Ends: The inside of the side pieces will be exposed if this is not attended to, so apply glue on the interior edge on the end of the box. Screw it using the wood screws, and repeat this step for the opposite end of the cornice box.
5. Wrap It Up: Use the fabric spray to coat the frame, and then wrap up the box with batting. Check for wrinkles; there shouldn’t be any.
6. Secure and Remove Excess Batting: Use the staple gun to secure the batting on the inside of the corners, and cut off the excesses. Once you have ensured there are no wrinkles on the front of the cornice, proceed to staple the inside edge of the cornice box. Fold the batting with a straight vertical seam to finish the edges, and then staple the interior of the cornice.
7. Wrap The Fabric: Once you have sprayed the batting with adhesive, wrap and staple the fabric, starting from the interior portion. Proceed to staple the other side, and then ensure that there are no wrinkles formed.
8. Finish The Fabric At The Back: The final step involved in finishing the fabric involves stapling excess fabric along the back edge. As it will be invisible to anyone in the room, it can be finished by folding the fabric excess into a hospital corner and then stapling it on the inside of the cornice.
9. Attach The Brackets: Once the cornice board is ready and covered with fabric, you need to mark the exact placement of the cornice board. Attach the first L bracket by drilling a hole into the top right side of the window frame and then applying wood screws into it. Repeat the process for the second L bracket on the opposite side of the window frame. Ensure that both brackets are on the same level so that the frame doesn’t look tilted when the board is fixed.
The Benefits Of Installation
By now, if you are still in the dark about the benefits that come along with a cornice, here is a detailed summary of their key takeaways.
1. Complementing Existing Decor: A window curtain that boasts of an assortment of colors, or fixed patterns like floral, ethnic or polka dots can be matched with the same design in the fabric of the cornice board. This provides a charming extension of the window treatment into a design that is unique and pleasing.
2. Creating An Ambiance: Choosing a cornice in the right design and pattern makes a difference to the overall look of the room. A faux wood cornice painted right can lend an ideal rustic appearance to the room, which goes along well with the contemporary elements. Also, such cornices bring warmth and depth to the overall home decor.
3. The Wide Variety: There is no dearth of options in cornices, of which wood cornices are the most familiar. They can be carved in various intricate patterns and shapes, along with the upholstered kind which is padded and covered in fabric before installation. The Lambrequins, meanwhile, are the unconventional kind which adds a rather interesting design element, by extending below on both sides of the window.
To sum up, cornices are essential to design elements and portions that can be functional as well. Installing them involves a number of steps, including marking frames, cutting them, and gluing them together before covering the interior and exterior of the material with the chosen fabrics. You may take professional help if you face trouble in sawing the board or installing the L brackets later on or ask a friend or a family member for assistance.